Rhinoplasty, or nose surgery, falls into two broad categories: cosmetic and functional. Cosmetic rhinoplasty is performed to improve the patient’s appearance, while functional rhinoplasty is done to correct abnormalities that impair the patient’s ability to breathe through the nose. As can be guessed, there is some overlap between the two categories; for example, correcting a problem like a crooked nose will improve the patient’s appearance along with their breathing.
What is a Deviated Septum?
The septum is the wall between the left and right nasal passages, and it is made of bone and cartilage. Ideally, the septum should be straight. Injuries and congenital defects can cause the septum to become crooked or bowed. The resulting deviated septum can block one or both air passages and therefore make breathing difficult. A special type of rhinoplasty called septoplasty is often used to correct the problem.
What is Turbinate Reduction?
Turbinates are spongy and bony shelves inside the nose that are covered with mucus membranes. The turbinates purify and moisten the air that passes through the nose. Constant inflammation, like that caused by allergies, can cause a condition called turbinate hypertrophy. Abnormally large turbinates impair breathing and cause a chronically stuffy nose. Other symptoms of turbinate hypertrophy can include snoring and frequent nosebleeds.
A doctor may recommend non-surgical treatments like anti-histamines or nasal steroid sprays to relieve the inflammation and get the turbinates to shrink back to normal size. If such treatments prove ineffective, the turbinates can be surgically reduced with rhinoplasty.
How is a Broken Nose Treated?
A broken nose or nasal fracture most commonly involves the bridge of the nose. The doctor will often have to realign the nose so that it will heal properly. If the break occurred within the past two weeks, manual realignment may fix the issue. If the break is severe and/or older than 14 days, the patient will likely need surgery to repair the broken nose. They will also need surgery if the break has damaged the septum and blocked nasal passages.
Nasal polyps are growths that look like grapes and can obstruct airways. They are benign, but they can often recur, especially if the patient is prone to allergies. The patient will need to have the allergies treated after having the polyps removed.
As people get older, the cartilage in their nose and its tip gets weaker. Over time, the sides of the nose collapse inward and make breathing difficult. Nasal strips can provide relief for a time, but the patient will often need rhinoplasty surgery to reshape or reposition the cartilage.
Learn More During a Consultation
If your nose has been giving you difficulty when it comes to breathing normally, consider rhinoplasty at Hanemann Plastic Surgery in Baton Rouge. This simple procedure may be all that you need to improve your breathing function. Contact our office today to schedule your consultation to learn more.